Where are the Celts originally from?

Who are the Celts?

The ancient Celts were a collection of tribal people that originated in central Europe and that shared similar culture, language and beliefs.

Photo by Martin Scott Powell

Where were the Celts located?

Over the years, the Celts migrated. They spread across Europe and set up shop everywhere from Turkey and Ireland to Britain and Spain.

The first record of the origin of the Celts was in documentation kept by the Greeks, and it cited their existence to around 700 BC. We can take it for granted that these ancient people existed long before this.

Celts migration map

Map of the Celtic Migrations and Expansion

The Celts were fierce warriors and, by the 3rd century BC, they had a stronghold on a large chunk of Europe, north of the Alps.

What happened to the Celts?

Then the Roman Empire set off on a conquest to expand their control on Europe.

Under the leadership of Julius Caesar in the 1st century BC, the Romans killed large numbers of Celts, wiping out their language and culture in many parts of Europe except in many parts of Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

A relief depicting the Gauls of Ambiorix fighting the Roman army of Julius Caesar in the mid-1st century BCE.

(Palais Provincial, Liège, Belgium)

What are the beliefs of the Celts?